Estimating Partisan Bias of the Electoral College Under Proposed Changes in Elector Apportionment

Citation:

Thomas, AC, Andrew Gelman, Gary King, and Jonathan N Katz. 2012. Estimating Partisan Bias of the Electoral College Under Proposed Changes in Elector Apportionment. Statistics, Politics, and Policy: 1-13. Copy at http://j.mp/Pt8bwm

Abstract:

In the election for President of the United States, the Electoral College is the body whose members vote to elect the President directly. Each state sends a number of delegates equal to its total number of representatives and senators in Congress; all but two states (Nebraska and Maine) assign electors pledged to the candidate that wins the state's plurality vote. We investigate the effect on presidential elections if states were to assign their electoral votes according to results in each congressional district,and conclude that the direct popular vote and the current electoral college are both substantially fairer compared to those alternatives where states would have divided their electoral votes by congressional district.

Statistics, Politics and Policy (publisher version)

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